It is widely regarded as one of the great works of medieval experimental research and a precursor of modern scientific methodology.
French physiologist, politician, and diplomat, founder of modern aerospace medicine
Regarded by some medical historians as the father of modern surgery.
Historically and culturally among the most important nations in the Western world
French magician who is considered to be the father of modern conjuring.
Swiss-born French bacteriologist and one of the discoverers of the bubonic plague bacillus, Pasteurella pestis, now called Yersinia pestis.
Excavations at the site (the first archaeological excavations in Mesopotamia) were begun by the French consul Paul-Émile Botta in 1843
Discovery of the palace of the Assyrian king Sargon II at Dur Sharrukin (modern Khorsabad), Iraq, in 1843
Generally credited with supplying the first translation of the Avesta (Zoroastrian scripture) into a modern European language and with awakening interest in the study of Eastern languages and thought.
As a political unit, Benin was created by the French colonial conquest at the end of the 19th century
French aeronaut, generally recognized as the first person to make a parachute descent
The Farman company remained an important manufacturer of aircraft following World War I
The first person to use a parachute regularly and successfully
Inventor of the neon light
French poster illustrator and graphic designer who has been called “the father of the modern poster.